EN16005 / BS7036-0:2013
EA Group comply with EN16005 guidelines

Guide to New Regulations

Firstly EN16005 and BS7036 are not legal documents, they are guidance notes (ACOP) on how automatic doors can be supplied and installed to comply with the legal requirements of the Machine Directive 2006/42/EC. EN16005 exists as a guide for a generic standard throughout Europe. Countries that have existing codes of practice, ie: the UK (with BS7036), EN16005 is viewed as a minimum standard and is implemented where the BS falls short. If our existing BS7036 exceeds the requirements of EN16005 then we follow the higher standard. Later this year BS7036 will be re-written to encompass EN16005 and be re-titled BS7036-0:2013.

The requirements laid out in EN16005 are not back dateable and only apply to new installations after 1st April 2013. System modifications that include the replacement of BOTH the control unit and the motor (during the same sequence of works) must then comply with EN16005. Replacement of the motor and control board carried out separately will be viewed as maintenance and will not be required to comply.

EN16005 does not apply to “Specialist Doors” ie: security doors in Banks and Airports.

DOCUMENTATION

Safety Analysis

During the quoting process a Risk Assessment called a “Safety Analysis” must be carried out and a document that will remain live throughout the project created (Template available). At the end of the project the commissioning engineer will complete his section (that confirms that the door complies with the design requirements) and it will then be issued for inclusion in the building Safety File.

Log Book

During the closing phases of the project, at the commissioning stage a “Log Book” must be created which will include details of the door and list all parameters set during commissioning. This booklet is to be issued to the client and must be kept on site (NOT within the door). During all service, repair and maintenance visits, all works carried out and any changes to the operational parameters must be logged. If this booklet goes missing or is not available during a visit a new one should be issued at the customers cost. Additionally a BS7036 check sheet (commissioning sheet) must be completed yearly.

SAFETY

Sensors

All safety sensors must now comply with EN/ISO/13849 performance level “C” This varies from our current safety requirements by adding the obligation of a test facility. Safety devices must now “self test” before each closing action (or once every revolution for revolving doors). This is acheived by sending a signal down a separate cable that tests the sensor and cabling by switching the sensor off for 10mS, which is then received on the control board.

Escape Doors

EN16005 requires that all escape doors must be fitted with either:

A)  A break out device or

B)  Level “D” activation devices (monitored) and a redundant system, ie: a second motor that is capable of opening the door following the failure of the main system. In the UK Building Regulations require that all escape doors are connected to the Fire Alarm. When connected to the Fire Alarm escape doors no longer have this requirement. However if a door is commissioned prior to an alarm connection being established, the door will not comply and should be de-commissioned until the alarm interface is available.

Escape doors that are not regularly used should have a redundant system installed. This is not required if the client tests the door operation once a week, this procedure must then be documented.

Locking

Whenever a door has a locking facility this must only be accessible via the use of a key or an access code. Key pads with free access to all are no longer acceptable.

Activation Zones

The required activation distances for sliding/swing doors have changed as below. (Full details in EN16005 file)

 Escape doors (in direction of escape)………..…………….was 1400mm now 1500mm

                                                                   (Not applicable if connected to a fire alarm)

Non escape doors…………………was 1400mm now 1000mm (with risk assessment)

Protection Zones

 Head entrapment…………………………………………………..Greater than 200mm

 Body entrapment………………………………………………….Greater than 500mm

 Finger entrapment……………………………………………………<8mm or >25mm

 Pocket Screens

Pocket screens should only be openable with the use of a key or a tool. Non locking flush bolts no longer comply (Unless the activation lever is drilled and fixed to the body of the lock with a removable machine screw)

Safety Guards/Barriers

Safety guards must now protect up to 2.5M. Safety Barriers must be 900mm tall. Finger traps must protect up to 2M. (Full details in EN16005 file)

 Audible alarms are no longer acceptable.

Impact of a Door leaf

A door leaf should apply a force of <400N if it impacts an object, reducing to 150N within .75 of a second and dropping to 80N within 5 seconds. (Full details in EN16005 file)

 Low Energy Sliding Doors

EN16005 allows for the installation of “Low Energy” sliding doors with requirements similar to those for “Low Energy” swing doors. (Full details in EN16005 file)

 Low Energy doors general

 “Low Energy” doors remain mainly unchanged except the maximum static entrapment force has been raised from 67j to 69j.

 Test Object

There are new rules regarding the use of test objects, the test object size has changed to 200 x 300 x 700mm tall and must have 2 matt black surfaces and 3 high gloss surfaces, additionally the test object test positions for each procedure are now stated. (Full details in EN16005 file)

 Revolving Doors

Revolving doors <3M must now have:

An “Emergency Stop” button installed inside the building in view of the door.

Safety device, ie: Bump strip or active safety on:

A) The closing edge,

B) The opposed closing edge and

C) At low level, the full width of the leading edge of each door wing.

Revolving doors >3M must now have a “slow down” sensor on the leading face of each door wing and late entry Sensors.

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